A fundamental renewal came with Charles De Smedt (1833-1911), who was well acquainted with the progress of the historical disciplines in Germany and in France. In order to bring the text editions of the Acta Sanctorum up to a higher critical standard a systematic census of hagiographic manuscripts was undertaken in Europe's major libraries. Three Bibliothecae hagiographicae or repertories of hagiographic literature were compiled, in which all the Latin, Greek and Oriental texts ever written about saints before 1500 are described. In 1882 the first issue of Analecta Bollandiana, a journal of critical hagiography, was published; it was soon complemented by a series of books, Subsidia hagiographica. In 1905 the Bollandist library was transferred to a purpose-built wing of the new Collège Saint-Michel in the suburbs of Brussels.